The Johari Window is named after its inventors Jozeph Luft and Harry Ingham. It is a model used to describe the process of human interaction. I was first made aware of it during my training in clinical chaplaincy. Our supervisor used it in order to help us as chaplain interns understand our interaction with one another and with patients we had to see on a daily basis.
A four paned “window” divides personal awareness into four different types represented by its four quadrants: Open, hidden, blind and unknown. The lines dividing the four panes are like window shades which move as an interaction progresses.
- The “Open” quadrant represents what I know about myself and what others know about me.
- The “Blind” quadrant represents things that you know about me, but I don’t know.
- The “Hidden” quadrant indicates things that I know about myself, but you don’t know.
- The “Unknown” quadrant represents things that I don’t know about myself and you don’t know either.
The “Open” quadrant is called self-disclosure and this is the area of give and take between others and myself by sharing who I am. As I share who I am with others they may be interested in getting to know more about me.
Diversity training using The Johari Window is a powerful interactive tool. The Johari Window allows people to explore not only the multi-dimensional self but also to overcome the fear of who others are by understanding they too are actively being challenged by who they are.
Duen Hsi Yen writes: “Active listening skills are helpful in this endeavor. On the other hand, we all have defenses, protecting the parts of ourselves that we feel are vulnerable. Feelings of inadequacy, incompetence, impotence, unworthiness, rejection, guilt, dependency, ambivalence for loved ones, needs to control and manipulate, are all difficult to face, and yet can be seen by others.”
The Johari Window is a model of communition that allows people to progress in self-awareness in a manner that is respectful of who they are in the present tense and yet moves them along a continuum that facilitates the “Courage to Be.”
MVP Seminars will provide your group or company with a Diversity Training platform that will inform and transform its participants.